Thomas Spencer Monson (born August 21, 1927) is an American religious leader, author, and the sixteenth and currentPresident of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). As president, Monson is considered by adherents of the religion to be a “prophet, seer, and revelator.” A printer by trade, Monson has spent most of his life engaged in various church leadership positions and in public service.
Cucking stools or ducking stools were chairs formerly used for punishment of disorderly women, scolds, and dishonest tradesmen in England, Scotland, and elsewhere. The cucking-stool was a form of wyuen pine (“women’s punishment”) as referred to in Langland’s Piers Plowman (1378). They were both instruments of public humiliation andcensure primarily for the offense of scolding or back biting and less often for sexual offenses like bearing an illegitimate child or prostitution.