Obama says political progress needed before more Iraq aid


RIYADH, Saudi Arabia (AP) — President Barack Obama said Thursday that the U.S. and its Gulf partners should wait to see whether Iraq can resolve its political crisis before committing more financial aid, arguing that the paralysis is impeding U.S.-led efforts to defeat the Islamic State group and reconstruct the war-torn country.

Closing out a brief trip to Saudi Arabia, Obama also warned that a fragile cease-fire in Syria is on the verge of collapse, but he offered few hints about any alternative U.S. strategy if it does. He pledged vigilance about Iran and sought to allay Saudi concerns about its regional archrival, but he also told Persian Gulf leaders that last year’s nuclear deal had made the region safer.  

Obama’s warning about Iraq appeared intended to pressure its leaders to put internal disputes aside so that a stable government can form. Yet it also reflected the limits of what Obama was able to achieve during a brief trip to Saudi Arabia. After meetings with officials from six Persian Gulf countries, he left with little to announce by way of new commitments the U.S. had requested.

“Right now in Baghdad, there’s some big challenges,” Obama said. “Until that’s settled, I think it’s important for us to make sure that any additional stabilization dollars that we put in are going to be effectively spent.”

Only a day earlier, U.S. Defense Secretary Ash Carter had been urging fellow defense ministers from Gulf allies to step up their economic and political support for Iraq, appeals that Obama echoed in his own sessions with Saudi King Salman, the Emirati crown prince and others. Yet the region has been reluctant to invest more heavily until Iraq’s government makes more progress establishing stability and bringing Sunnis into the process.

Obama praised Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi as a “good partner” for the U.S., and he noted that Iraq’s current political challenges don’t fall along traditional sectarian fault lines — Sunni, Shia, Kurdish. Still, he said it was vital for Iraq’s health and stability to finalize a Cabinet so that Iraq can focus on profound long-term problems.

“They’ve got a lot on their plate,” Obama said. “Now is not the time for government gridlock or bickering.” Already beset by corruption and a worsening financial crisis, Iraq’s government is in turmoil over a new lineup of Cabinet ministers that al-Abadi proposed last month after weeks of pressure from an influential Shiite cleric and rallies by thousands of his followers. The crisis shows no signs of quick resolution. On Tuesday, lawmakers failed to vote on the fate of the parliament speaker amid calls for Iraq’s top leadership to step down.

Earlier this week, the United States said it would deploy more than 200 additional troops to Iraq to help fight IS, and U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry announced another $155 million in U.S. aid for Iraq during a trip to Baghdad last week. The Obama administration has worked to strengthen al-Abadi, who is seen as a major improvement over his predecessor Nouri al-Maliki, and Obama said “ultimately it’s up to the Iraqis” to make decisions about their government.

The president spoke after holding talks in Riyadh with the Gulf Cooperation Council nations — Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait, Oman and Bahrain. The Gulf states are also deeply skeptical of Obama’s willingness to negotiate with Shiite powerhouse Iran, and fear that last year’s nuclear deal with the Islamic Republic will lead to a rebalancing of regional stances at their expense.

Obama pledged to remain vigilant against Iran’s destabilizing activities in the Middle East as he tried to allay the Gulf nations’ concerns. “None of our nations have an interest in conflict with Iran,” Obama said as he met with top officials from six Arab nations at a Gulf summit in Saudi Arabia.

Obama, finishing his brief trip to the kingdom, said he and the Gulf leaders had agreed about ways to move forward in the campaign against the Islamic State group, with members of the Gulf Cooperation Council agreeing to “increase their contributions to the fight.”

The president’s comments in the Saudi capital came after talks aimed at reassuring and coordinating with Mideast allies that harbor serious doubts about Obama’s outreach to Iran and about U.S. policy toward Syria, where a civil war rages on.

Obama said the fragile cessation of hostilities there is under “tremendous strain” and he decried continued violations, but made the case for sticking to the U.S. strategy of using diplomatic talks to pursuing a political transition for Syria.

“This violence is yet another reminder that there’s just one way to end this civil war,” Obama said, adding that the Gulf leaders had agreed.


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