Here’s Why a Prepper Homestead May Not be a Good Plan for Survival

The Organic Prepper

Lots of preppers are convinced that they’re going to “live off the land” should the world as we know it come tumbling down around our ears. Seed banks are stockpiled, books are purchased, and people are confident that they’ll be able to outlive everyone else based on the sweat of their inexperienced brows. But no matter how hard working you are, farming takes time. Time for learning, time for mistakes, and time for your plans to come to fruition. A prepper homestead is something that must be built over a period of time – it’s absolutely not a plug-and-play solution, regardless of the extent of survival seed packets you have carefully stashed away. Farming for survival is not a good plan if you have never done it before.  

If a prepper homestead is your survival plan, let me give you some advice: STORE. FOOD.

You are going to have to have something to get you through that first year when your farm doesn’t produce diddly squat.

As anyone who has followed this blog for a while knows, my family is prone to new adventures. We’ve moved from a large city to a cabin in the North Woods, where I discovered I knew nothing about building fires and living in the wilderness. We drove across the continent to move from Ontario, Canada, to the West Coast, where I had to rebuild my preps from the ground up, since US Customs would not allow us to bring our food supplies across.

This year’s adventure is food production. My daughter and I recently moved to a small farm, eager to polish up a new skill set and build that idealized prepper homestead that many of us dream about.

After only a few months here, I feel it’s my duty to announce that while raising your own food is a noble goal, it’s not as easy as people seem to think. Heck, even though I expected some setbacks, it is way harder and more time-consuming than I expected.

Of course, shortcuts do exist to help you circumvent all of these issues. If you have lots of money, you can shorten the amount of time it takes for your farm to be productive. The shortcuts all seem to cost a lot more money than the hard-work-method, and if you’re getting into self-reliance on a dime, they may not be practical or affordable. The other issue is, you may not even know the issue exists until it smacks you in the face and you’re chasing a goat down the road, frantically waving your arms to warn approaching pickup trucks to slow down so they don’t mow down your livestock. (Ask me how I know this.)

The real truth is, raising your own food takes time. It isn’t something you undertake after the SHTF. If a self-reliant homestead is your survival strategy, you need to start now.

The garden

Unless you’re Jack, the possessor of magic beans that grow to prolific heights overnight, you’re going to get awfully hungry waiting for your garden to feed you. The first year a garden is grown in a new place, you learn about all sorts of foibles of your location, things you’d never know unless you have taken the effort to create your own salad bar.

Some folks get lucky and end up with a lush green jungle from the very first season, but for most of us…well, let’s just say that my daughter and I would struggle to live for a week on the calories produced by this year’s garden.

We have had all of the plagues this year that condemned us to gardening failure. First, we moved late in the season, but I had nurtured my veggies in buckets, so I assumed I’d transplant them and they’d magically grow.

Alas, on the first night, they fattened up the local deer. If I shot a deer that got fed by my vegetable plants, would that count towards the success of my gardening efforts? Because that would substantially up the caloric bounty.

So, I re-fenced, got a big dog, and replanted. Then, like something out of a sci-fi movie, freaking GOPHERS yanked the plants down by the roots and made them vanish. All that remained was a fluttering leaf here and there.

I dug out my raised beds, laid hardware cloth at the bottom, and refilled them. Then I replanted again. By this time, it was late July and we had a heatwave. Many of the new plants didn’t survive the blazing 110 degree days, despite shade and plentiful water. Some of the ones that did survive got peed on by the dog I got to protect them from the deer, and immediately withered from being drenched in urine.

Did I mention hornworms? They decimated several of my tomatoes and peppers overnight! I watered in the evening and things looked great. The next morning, half of my plants looked as though they’d been scalped. Out of a sense of vengeance, I threw those hornworms in the chicken run to be pecked, tortured, and eaten alive. Take that, you evil little jerks.

I am still picking tomatoes and peppers from the plants I saved, but that’s all we got this year. Thankfully, we’re big fans of salsa and marinara, but we don’t have enough to live off. In four months on my little prepper homestead, I’ve basically produced a large salad.

This is all part of the game, though. Next year will be better because I’ve put into place what I’ve learned. I’ve gotten a deer-proof fence, I’ve gopher-proofed my raised beds, I figured out how to keep my dog out of the lower beds, and placed barriers at the corners after he peed on my favorite tomato plant. Once I’ve harvested the last tomato, I’ve got a cover crop ready to go into the beds to enrich the soil and feed my chickens this winter. And to greater express my determination, I’ve enrolled in a master gardener’s course through my county extension office.

I will grow food next year. But if we had to live off of this year’s harvest, we’d be screwed.


As I mentioned above, shortcuts are expensive and all of these may not be realistic or fall within your budget.

  • Start out protecting your garden from all possible foragers by building a deer-proof, gopher-proof area before you ever plant a seed.
  • Test your soil and amend it with stuff from the nursery to provide the perfect growing medium for your veggies. (Add these kits to your stockpile so that you can test your soil regularly throughout the season.)
    Take a class from locals, geared towards your environment.
  • Install a drip irrigation system.
  • Pay a master gardener to help you get your garden established.
  • The best (and most expensive) shortcut? Move to a place with existing fruit trees, established gardens, and permaculture fixtures.

The eggs

Which came first, the chicken or the egg?

In farming, it’s the chicken. The chickens come well, well, before the eggs. Like, at least 6 months before.

I have 13 chickens of varying ages, and nary an egg in site. My oldest three hens will be laying soon, but there’s a lot more to backyard egg production than throwing some feed into a henhouse or opening the door to let your birds free range and telling them to be sure and deposit their eggs neatly in the bins provided to them.

First, many people start with little baby chicks. Not only are they flippin’ adorable, but they’re way cheaper than adult birds. You get to know exactly what they’ve eaten for their entire lives, which means you know whether they’ve been consuming antibiotics or hormones, and can alter their diets to fit your personal food philosophies.

But chicks are fragile. Out of my first batch of 8, five died.  FIVE. More than 50%. I felt like a unwilling serial killer of baby animals. Since my subsequent batches have flourished with the exact same care, I suspect there was some illness from the feed store where I purchased them. Baby chicks need special food, an environment that is safe from predators, and a heat source so that they can maintain the right body temperature. Of course, you have to be careful with the heat lamp or you can set your coop on fire, something that very nearly happened to me, but mercifully, we caught it just in time.

When they get big enough, you have to teach them where the water is and put them in a safe place where they won’t be eaten by predators. We have a large covered run that keeps them protected while allowing them fresh air and some freedom. Keep in mind that when it’s too cold or too hot, your chickens won’t lay eggs, so hens of laying eggs are actually no guarantee of fresh eggs on a daily basis.


  • Have a predator-proof coop built for you by someone who has raised chickens.  You’ll need a floor that nothing can dig under, good door latches, a sturdy top, shade, nesting boxes, and roosts.
  • Install an automatic waterer that refills when it gets too low.
  • Buy full-grown, already laying chickens.

The milk

Everyone thinks of cows when they think of milk. A calm, productive dairy cow is a wonderful thing. However, this is not an instant kind of thing either. If you get a calf, you should know that cows should not be bred before 15 months, and may not reach maturity until they are 22 months of age. Cow gestation is 9 months, like humans. So you’re looking at about two and a half years or more before you can get so much as a drop of milk from a cow. Their poop is enormous, smelly, and draws flies, which is a problem if you don’t have a lot of land for them to roam on. Cows are also quite expensive to purchase and eat way more than goats, so for the homesteader on a budget, goats are a better option.

Goats come with their own set of difficulties.If you go and get a couple of female baby goats with the intention of bottle feeding them to make them friendly, that’s awesome. You will succeed in having the sweetest goats around, and they’ll follow you around the homestead like a dog. What they won’t do is give you milk for at least a year and a half. 18 months of feeding for them, caring for them, shoveling their poop, and cleaning their stalls.

You should not breed a goat until she’s a year old. Then, if the breeding takes, you have 5 months of waiting for babies. Then, you have a couple of  weeks where she’s producing colostrum for her kids, which you should never, ever take. Finally, you have milk. FINALLY. And it’s delicious. But that first glass is the most long-awaited glass of milk you will ever sip.

Goats are cute but can be a total pain in the rear. If you give them a cardboard box full of veggie scraps, they’ll eat the box.  They will climb on your vehicle and dent it with their little hooves of destruction. If you fence them in, they will get through, around, or over your fence. No matter how many acres you give them to romp on, whatever is on the opposite side of the fence is what they must have. Our 10 month old goat discovered that she fits through our gate and we had to chase her down the road that leads to our farm the other day. In pajamas, since it was morning and we weren’t dressed yet. Today’s project is running hardware cloth through the bars on the gate and hoping that keeps her in. There’s a project every day with goats. Here’s some GREAT information on housing your goats that I wish I’d seen at the beginning.


  • Fence your grazing area with goat-proof fencing. Once you’ve had goats, you will know that they can jump over, climb through, open the gate, or knock down just about anything you put up.
  • Buy cows or goats that are already producing milk.  You’ll need more than one mama animal because a) goats and cows are herd animals and b) you can give one mama a break while they other is producing.
  • Plant hay.  If you have enough space you can greatly reduce your food bill this way.

The meat

Meat is also far from instant. The closest thing to instant meat is going to be rabbits. Cute, fluffy rabbits.  They breed quickly and prolifically and are mature by the age of  8-12 weeks, at which time they can be butchered for food. Below, you can see the ages at which these animals can be butchered for meat:

  • Chickens 16-20 weeks
  • Ducks 24-28 weeks
  • Turkeys 24-28 weeks
  • Rabbits 8 weeks
  • Lambs 10-15 months
  • Goats 12 months
  • Pigs 8-10 months
  • Cows 18-24 months

Of course, this is the age of maturity in the best of all possible worlds. The world that contains premium feed, the ability to pick it up from the feed store, a controlled environment safe from predators. If your animals are free-ranging, they’re going to grow more slowly and be leaner since they’re working for their food. If you have selected heritage breeds, they grow more slowly still than the hybrids that are bred specifically for a speedy maturity. As you can see, this isn’t an instant gratification kind of thing.  Add a SHTF long-term disaster to the mix, and you’re looking at quite some time before you can harvest meat.

It gets even trickier when you want to develop a breeding program on your farm in order to raise your meat. Then, you must add in the time for the mother animal to become mature, waiting for the right time to breed her, and then waiting for the gestation period to be over. Literally, we’re talking about years before you have meat production for many species.

Then there’s the butchering. Are you going to be able to slaughter the animal you saw born, raised from a little baby, and perhaps gave a clever name to?  Lots of people are fine with this, but many others will find that it’s much harder than they expected. Humanely dispatching an animal takes experience and the right tools. Cleaning and butchering the animal is also not something you can dive right into. If you’re lucky, you have some farmer friends who will help you the first time or two.


  • Buy animals that are just past the fragile stage and raise them to maturity
  • Stock up on a whole full of pellet food and hay for your livestock
  • Have your property professionally fenced.
  • Buy a property that is fenced and contains housing for various types of livestock
  • Get to know local farmers and learn all you can from them. They can help you prevent expensive mistakes.

Reality check: You’re probably going to fail

So, you might read this article and think I’m telling you that a prepper homestead is an unrealistic survival plan. That’s not it at all.

What I’m telling you is that a prepper homestead has to be created well before a disaster strikes. You have to figure out:

  • How you’ll care for your crops and animals.
  • How you’ll nourish them.
  • How you’ll protect them.
  • How you’ll water them.
  • How you’ll harvest the food.
  • How you’ll fail to do one or all of these things correctly at some point.

You have to learn many of these things from experience. My experience can’t teach you because my setting is entirely different. You may have different predators, a different climate, differently physical challenges – every single family’s circumstances will be unique. The only way to predict the problems and overcome them is to experience them in the first place. And trust me, it’s way better to experience failure when the feed store and the hardware store are only a short drive away.

While it’s incredibly important to take every step you can towards self-reliance, it is equally vital to have a backup plan. Have these things to fall back on:

Share your own homesteading lessons

Most of us learn our homesteading lessons through failure. Something we thought would work, did not. Are you raising your own food? What did you learn the hard way? Please share your experiences from your prepper homestead in the comments below.

6 thoughts on “Here’s Why a Prepper Homestead May Not be a Good Plan for Survival

  1. LOL
    I remember my first attempt to garden. It was my smallest(1000sq/ft) and crappiest(nothing but volunteer tomatoes the following year). Then I learned more about each plant and did seed and starters side by side the second year. By year 3 I had it pretty well nailed down and start from seed on almost everything. I miss not having my own place to do it anymore but now people pay me to plant/ weed/ make theirs nicer.

    As far as producing ALL your own plant based food, it will take 6-8 people to feed 1person for a year. And 10-12+ to feed everyone involved. That’s 12 hour days everyday. If you are trying with 2, good luck. It would defy physics.
    It doesn’t sound like you enjoy it as much as your romantic vision of easy abundance implies.

  2. “Here’s Why a Prepper Homestead May Not be a Good Plan for Survival”

    It’s not only a good plan, it’s the only plan for long-term survival, but it requires more planning than most people give it. You can’t stay in the cities, and you can’t roam the highways, so putting down roots, quite literally, is really the only viable option you have.

    I moved here in 2008, because banks were failing, and real estate prices were sliding, and it looked to me like all the bubbles were about to pop. Say what you like about quantitative easing, and endless money creation, but I’m grateful for them because they bought me more time. If you grew up in a city, as I did, you have a lot to learn about your new, and very different environment, and that’s what keeps it interesting.

    It does take time, effort, and education to have a successful garden, but it’s not as if you’re splitting the atom. There are books on the subject, and at least one excellent radio show ( ), and seeds have been popping into plant life long before humans gave them any help. You might want to first find out if anything that’s already growing wild near you is edible, in case your food stores run out before your garden is producing.

    The sooner you begin the better, and regardless of how much food you store, it’s going to run out, and sooner or later you’ll either be producing food, or starving to death. You’re either going to be a farmer, or you’re probably going to die.

    Hunting for food isn’t going to work, because too many people will be doing it. If a deer were stupid enough to show his face, it’ll have thirty bullets in it, and a dozen humans fighting over the corpse.

    1. Jolly
      I agree with every word because every word is correct.
      “You might want to first find out if anything that’s already growing wild near you is edible”
      I admit I was a “cart before horse” guy on this. Luckily the most wonderful people who added to my ‘data center'(brain) all had very different backgrounds and a couple secretly loved ‘food hikes’. That is where/when I realized I was in for a never ending learning lesson.
      Now two ‘states’ later and 7 years of trying and learning I realize, I have learned plants I may never see again and probable step on ones that could save others/my life.

      Gardens, are great.
      Homesteads…I’m jealous.
      Food forest, priceless.
      Knowledge, INFINITE. and not too heavy either.(unless you get into philosophy)

      I love Daisy and enjoy reading her articles. It is perhaps the second subject to get me going on.
      First being…that ‘there are strings and if someone other than me/you is pulling mine/yours, how do I neutralize them and create a crater so the next idiot is easily seen standing alone holding the string?’

  3. So much wasted land out there. Millions of acres that are federally controlled doing nothing, really a sick feeling as I drive by all this wasted food source.

    1. HEY!
      Thats my/your/some 10 year old in Baltimore ‘s.

      Im glad that this land mass is still wild in some regards.

      Being from the east coast, I appreciate EVERY tree’d hill next to a wood’d curve on the few paved roads flanking me.

      It is ALL a food source for something. Its too bad humans have imposed so such imposition on the animals(humans not withstanding). The best land is ferrel land. If humans can bend and aid it in ‘plenishing’ themselves while not imposing on the other critters all the better.

      Im not at odds with you Mark. I feel the need these day to show limit in my responses lol-hA.
      I am just giddy at the chance to explain.

  4. I usually watch these prepper shows to get a good laugh, as the majority of them, haven’t the faintest idea of what they’re looking at. Growing your own, Diasy is dead right, is not half as easy as it sounds. A lot of skill and understanding is required, and even then, you are at the mercy of the elements and nature, the later of which, can be a real bitch, if she chooses.
    Regards the chickens, here in Australia you can buy what’s called PULLETS, these are young chooks just entering the adult stage and within a couple of months will be laying. When purchasing such chickens, it’s important to ensure you request FEMALE pullets, so you don’t get a batch of roosters, who some folks are totally unawares, don’t lay eggs.
    Cows too, I notice no mention is made they need to be covered by a Bull once a year to ensure they calve and continue to produce milk.
    We had terrible failures in my country of early settlements wherein folks were brought out from the U.K. tasked with cutting out their homestead from the bush and developing a functioning dairy farm with ONE supplied cow. They had no idea, said cow was required to be covered by a bull, eventually the cows stopped producing milk and settlers butchered them for meat, believing them to be beyond milk producing age. Lots of red faces later, new cows were suppled and folks were required to WALK their cows to the village center annually, (20 miles by foot, over night journey leading the cow ) to be covered by the supplied Bull. One bull to 25 homesteaders. The way I understand it, goats are similar. In my youth, ever house on the block had a goat or two, their wandering ways were always conquered with a long dog chain and steel post hammered into the ground moved every couple of days when pasture was cropped. Their offspring were allowed to roam free, as they usually stayed close to their mum.
    It may interest preppers, that the first settlers in Australia, were supplied by ship stores for one year of supplies, and during that year were expected to become self sufficient and grow their own. History records that they nearly starved to death as a direct result of failing to understand the soil and climate conditions, crop after crop failed and starvation was imminent, rescued at the last minute by more ships coming out.
    Today we have the REVERSE occurring, growers are being crowded out by cheaper imports, thus they sell up and go into another business, the experience they’ve gained over the years to make the soil productive is lost, and when we are once again called upon to grow our own, the historic lessons will be repeated.

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