President-elect Donald Trump has chosen retired Marine Gen. James N. Mattis to be secretary of defense, according to people familiar with the decision, nominating a former senior military officer who led operations across the Middle East to run the Pentagon less than four years after he hung up his uniform.
To take the job, Mattis will need Congress to pass new legislation to bypass a federal law stating that defense secretaries must not have been on active duty in the previous seven years. Congress has granted a similar exception just once, when Gen. George C. Marshall was appointed to the job in 1950.
An announcement is likely by early next week, according to the people familiar with the choice. Jason Miller, a spokesman with the Trump transition team, tweeted Thursday evening that no decision had been made. Trump’s son Donald Jr., meanwhile, retweeted a report saying that Mattis got the job.
Mattis, 66, retired as the chief of U.S. Central Command in spring 2013 after serving more than four decades in the Marine Corps. He is known as one of the most influential military leaders of his generation, serving as a strategic thinker while occasionally drawing rebukes for his aggressive talk. Since retiring, he has served as a consultant and as a visiting fellow with the Hoover Institution, a think tank at Stanford University.
Like Trump, Mattis favors a tougher stance against U.S. adversaries abroad, especially Iran. The general, speaking at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in April, said that while security discussions often focus on terrorist groups such as the Islamic State or al-Qaeda, the Iranian regime is “the single most enduring threat to stability and peace in the Middle East.”
Mattis said the next president “is going to inherit a mess” and argued that the nuclear deal signed by the Obama administration last year may slow Iran’s ambitions to get a nuclear weapon but will not stop them.
“In terms of strengthening America’s global standing among European and Mideastern nations alike, the sense is that America has become somewhat irrelevant in the Middle East, and we certainly have the least influence in 40 years,” Mattis said.
But Mattis may break with Trump’s practice of calling out allies for not doing enough to build stability. In the same event, Mattis said he was troubled by President Obama’s remarks in a March interview with the Atlantic that there were “free riders” accepting U.S. help without reciprocating. He added that he read the Atlantic story after printing it out and briefly thought he had accidentally mixed it with a news clip that highlighted Trump’s views.
“The president-elect is smart to think about putting someone as respected as Jim Mattis in this role,” said a former senior Pentagon official. “He’s a warrior, scholar and straight shooter — literally and figuratively. He speaks truth to everyone and would certainly speak truth to this new commander in chief.”
But the official, who spoke on the condition of anonymity to discuss Trump’s personnel choices, said: “If there’s any concern at all, it’s the principle of civilian control over the military. This role was never intended to be a kind of Joint Chiefs of Staff on steroids, and that’s the biggest single risk tied to Mattis. For Mattis, the biggest risk for him personally is that he will have a national security adviser in the form of Mike Flynn whose management style and extreme views may arch Mattis’s eyebrows and cause conflict over time. It’s no fun to be secretary of defense if you have to constantly feud with the White House.”
Mattis served from November 2007 to August 2010 as the supreme allied commander of transformation for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, focused on improving the military effectiveness of allies. Trump called NATO “obsolete” earlier this year before saying later that he was “all for NATO” but wanted all members to spend at least 2 percent of their gross domestic product on defense, a NATO goal.
Mattis would join the Trump administration after calls by some conservatives for him to join the presidential race in a long-shot independent bid aimed at derailing Trump’s ascent this spring. The general declined to do so, saying he did not understand the speculation.
Mattis, whose nicknames include “Mad Dog” and the “Warrior Monk,” has had a leading hand in some of the U.S. military’s most significant operations in the past 20 years. As a one-star general, he led an amphibious task force of Marines that carried out a November 2001 raid in helicopters on Afghanistan’s Kandahar province, giving the Pentagon a new foothold against the Taliban after the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks. Using the call sign “Chaos,” he commanded a division of Marines during the U.S. invasion of Iraq in 2003 and returned there the following year to lead Marines in bloody street fighting in the city of Fallujah.
Mattis continued to rise through the ranks and establish his credentials as a military thinker, co-authoring the U.S. military’s new counterinsurgency manual with then-Army Lt. Gen. David H. Petraeus while Mattis was a three-star general at Quantico, Va.
He was considered a leading contender to become commandant of the Marine Corps in 2010 but was bypassed in favor of Gen. James F. Amos. Instead, Mattis replaced Petraeus as the chief of Central Command, overseeing U.S. military operations across the Middle East.
Even though Central Command did not encompass Israel, Mattis made a concerted effort to reach out to his Israeli military counterparts, according to Steven Simon, who worked with Mattis when he served on Obama’s National Security Council.
Simon, who now teaches at Amherst College, said Mattis made frequent stops in Israel during trips to the region, part of an effort to encourage the Jewish state and its Arab neighbors to work together to counter Iranian influence. “They respected Mattis because they saw him as a straight shooter and a good listener,” Simon said of the Israelis and Arabs.
The general retired from that position in 2013 about five months earlier than expected, prompting speculation that he was forced out after clashing with some in the Obama administration on Iran policy. U.S. officials denied that was the case at the time, and Mattis declined to comment.
Mattis occasionally has come under scrutiny for impolitic remarks. Most notably, he said in 2005 during a panel discussion in San Diego that “it’s fun to shoot some people” and “I like brawling,” drawing criticism from the Marine commandant at the time, Gen. Michael Hagee. But Hagee also later backed Mattis, saying the general often spoke with candor to reflect the horrors of war. Other supporters noted that he often stressed to his troops that it was important to treat civilians in a combat zone with care.
It is unclear whether the legislation required to make Mattis the Pentagon chief will be difficult to obtain from Congress. The 1947 national security law said that a general must wait 10 years from leaving active duty before becoming defense secretary. An exception was granted on a one-time basis for Marshall, with lawmakers saying in special legislation at the time that it was the “sense of the Congress that after General Marshall leaves the office of Secretary of Defense, no additional appointments of military men to that office shall be approved.”
The 10-year period was reduced to seven years in 2008 for several senior civilian defense positions, including defense secretary.
Philip Rucker, Adam Entous and Missy Ryan contributed to this report.
10 thoughts on “Trump has chosen retired Marine Gen. James Mattis for secretary of defense”
“To take the job, Mattis will need Congress to pass new legislation to bypass a federal law stating that defense secretaries must not have been on active duty in the previous seven years.”
Right from the outset Chump is starting to change the rules. It’s not only words that are infinitely malleable these days.
Like Obummer, I’m bettin’ he has a pen and he’s not afraid to use it.
LIKE OBASTURD,AND OSESSIONS, I THINK HES A CLOSET FAG………………………….
But there can be no doubt the wifey is a real woman, at least.
Well,.. according to Kay Griggs, in the 4 hour personal interview she did in the mid 90’s (Youtube: “Illuminati Wife Tells All”),.. ALL,.. ALL!!!,… ALL!!!!,.. these f’n generals and high ranking officers have to pass the fag test before getting their rank,.. you,… prove they are phallic worshipping Zionist communists.
I don’t doubt it one bit.
JD – US Marines – People may not understand,… one of the first things these fag-Zionist-communists do when they infiltrate,… is start at the top,.. and work their way down into the lower ranks.
LOL… Hey, JD, since my comment was basically more about Chump, I assumed that was who KOYOTE was referring to in his reply, so my reply to him was about Chump’s wifey. I have no idea about Mattis’ marital status, or what he may or may not be married to, if at all.
Based on what I’ve heard about this Mattis character, he sounds like a typical MIC douchebag. Lots of tough talk and ego-gratifying autofellatio, but nothing in the way of actually KEEPING HIS OATH. Instead, he took the easy route and attacked poorly equipped foreigners on their own soil, and he did so on orders from the enemies of the Bill of Rights.
“Mad Dog”? More like “obedient little bitch.” Can we have Smedley Butler back, please?
THAT SON OF A BITCH IS SNIPER BAIT FOR AN AMERICAN NATIONAL WHO HAS BALLS AND A STEADY HAND
I wonder why such a staunch anti iranian general who has a lot of knowledge and experience with war in the middle east is the guy so coveted by the new regime? He spouts the “iran is the biggest threat to stability” bullshit just like a good little goy for the zionists he fights for. Could there be a war on the horizon? It’s all too clear, this POS trump was put in place to make the brain dead feel like “we got America back and we’re gonna make it great again”. Remember, trump promised that the days of treating israel like a second class citizen ends on day one of his presidency. What do people think he meant by that? Fulfilling they’re every desire, and lust for war and expansion over the globe starting with the M.E. . Gee, sure wish his priority was restoring the bill of rights on day one but that’s not the script. Sorry stupid Americans, better luck next (s)election.
You can bet that war is on the horizon. There is no doubt in my mind.